Dietary fat level affects tissue iron levels but not the iron regulatory gene HAMP in rats.
Nutr Res. 2013 Feb;33(2):126-35
Authors: Ahmed U, Oates PS
Because dietary fats affect the regulation and use of body iron, we hypothesized that iron regulatory and transport genes may be affected by dietary fat. A model of early-stage I to II, nonalcoholic fatty liver was used in which rats were fed standard (35% energy from fat) or high-fat (71% energy from fat) liquid diets with normal iron content (STD/HF groups). In addition, intraperitoneal injections of iron dextran were given to iron-loaded (STD+/HF+ groups) and iron-deficient diets to STD-/HF- groups. Plasma osmolality, hemoglobin level, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration were increased in all STD diet groups compared with all HF diet groups. Plasma iron and transferrin saturation were affected by an interaction between dietary fat and iron. They were high in the STD group (normal iron) compared with their respective HF group. Similarly, this group also showed a 4-fold increase in the messenger RNA expression of the hepatic hemochromatosis gene. Spleen iron was high in the iron-loaded STD+ group compared with all other groups. Hepatic iron and messenger RNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein α, interleukin-6, and iron transport genes (transferrin receptor 2, divalent metal transporter 1 iron-responsive element, and divalent metal transporter 1 non-iron-responsive element) were increased, whereas tumor necrosis factor α was decreased in the HF diet groups. The expression of iron regulatory gene HAMP was not increased in the HF diet groups. Iron regulatory and transport genes involved in cellular and systemic iron homeostasis may be affected by the macronutrient composition of the diet.
PMID: 23399663 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]